In the very last pages of his most famous book, Nobel Prize winner for chemistry Paul Crutzen (2005) calls for a unified task force for the survival of the planet, based on technological innovation, on the global convergence of political and institutional decisions and on the individual responsibility of consumers on a global scale1. In the wake of the report on the limits of development drawn up by the Club of Rome (Meadows et al. 1974), the repeated appeals of the scientific community to the world of politics have contributed to the growth of collective awareness campaigns, to the development of public and private investment programmes in the research and implementation of renewable energies, and to the stipulation of international treaties. Nevertheless, the populations living in the territories most affected by the effects of climate change (such as the Arctic and the islands of Polynesia) demand in international fora, most recently those of Paris and Marrakech in 2015 and 2016, greater incisiveness and speed in environmental protection policies. In other places, in territories inhabited by other indigenous peoples, it is the intensification of the development programs of the renewable energy industry that is the subject of protests and resistance, aimed at countering the intensive exploitation that multinational companies and governments apply to natural resources and their environments of life.