Geografía e Historia Aula 13 Calle Cervantes, s/n, 37001 Salamanca
The human being, since the beginning of his history, has transformed the environment that surrounds him. A chemist and a biologist have proposed that this transformation is so profound that it has ushered in a new geological era: the Anthropocene (Crutzen and Stoermer, 2000; Crutzen, 2002). However, the global environmental crisis cannot be explained by the definition of a homogeneous Anthropos, and environmental deterioration and overexploitation as an undifferentiated collective act. In response, proposals have arisen such as that of the Capitalocene (Moore, 2016,2015), an era shaped by relations that privilege the endless accumulation of capital, where capitalism is defined as a world ecology co-produced by the multiple species that inhabit it. In this context, environmental changes are part of a set of unequal relations and exploitation that materialize in the dispossession and appropriation of resources and territories, in the commercialization of nature, irrational industrialization, production for unlimited consumption, degradation and/or depletion of resources, precarization of lifestyles, among others. The objective of this proposal is to put in the center of the discussion the use, appropriation and management of the natural resources and how these are produced by and product of social, economic, political and territorial reconfigurations. In this way, we seek to share and discuss, from a multidisciplinary perspective, experiences that contribute to the reflection of current socio-environmental processes and problems, particularly within rural spaces in Latin America. Referencias Crutzen, P. J. (2002). “Geology of mankind: the anthropocene. Nature 415:23. CrossRef, PubMed. Crutzen, P. J. & Stoermer, E. (2000). The “Anthropocene”. Global Change Newsletter, pp 41:17-18 IGBP Moore, J.W. (ed.) (2016) Anthropocene or Capitalocene. Nature, History, and the Crisis of Capitalism. PM Press, California. Moore, J. W. (2015). Capitalism in the Web of Life. Ecology and the Accumulation of Capital. Verso, London-New York.