Soundscapes and ethnographies of silence: An introduction
ABSTRACT: In this article I propose a reading of soundscape studies along three di- mensions: the relevance of the soundscape in the historical context, the transfor- mations of soundscapes in the twentieth century, the soundscape of sub-profes- sional musical cultures. Beginning from R.M. Schafer’s (1977) and S. Feld’s (2009) researches, I show that studies concerning soundscapes have revealed institutional and political relevance of sound. In addition, I show how soundscape has changed in relation to broader social, economic and technological developments during the twentieth century. At last, I show how the city represents a favourable environment for production and circulation of new cultural forms, that become emblematic of cities sound.
KEYWORDS: SOUNDSCAPES, SOCIAL CHANGE, URBAN SOUNDSCAPES, SOUND AND POLITICS, ANTHROPOCENE.